Melia Dubia/Composita Plantation in India
As financial markets start to acknowledge the significance of environmental issues, it is interesting to analyses how they combine finance and sustainable development. Investment funds participating in Timber plantations project high expected returns.
The benefits of timber investments arise from the tendency for the investments to be negatively correlated with other investment instruments such as stocks and bonds. This negative correlation allows timber to be used to diversify a portfolio. Timber investments also provide relatively high returns for the low risk they carry.
The cash flow characteristics of timber are very similar to those of zero-coupon bonds in that investors must wait a number of years for the investment to “mature”. The tree is planted and depending on the type – soft woods, such as pine, or hard wood, it is harvested within 8 to 30 years, providing income and appreciation when it is sold. Portfolio managers provide diversification, manageable cash flows and dividends by buying tracts of land with differing harvest maturities. Because the trees are all planted at the same time in “stands”, maturity diversification can be accomplished within a single investment. Due to the various uses of wood, investment managers can also choose to cut early if doing so provides financial opportunity. Unlike lumber products, products such as pulp wood for paper do not require mature trees. In periods where pulp prices are more favorable than lumber prices, lumber managers can take advantage by harvesting early and replanting. The differing uses of wood also allow investment managers to insulate investments from downturns in adversely affected markets. When housing starts are low due to problems in the real estate markets, for example, managers can sell more timber to paper companies or other forest product companies. The use of supply contracts helps investment manager’s hedge price movements when they predict future price volatility. These differing uses of timber at different points and prices on the maturity scale create a yield curve for the timber stock. Investors can follow strategies along the yield curve for lumber products to maximize return.
As the present scenario the Timber Demand in India is in a very high demand and the high-tech cultivation system under the management of export agro professionals is bringing a Huge Tax Free Income with Secure Investment. We are service provider offering our clients with various high income, very reliable, Timber plantations, from land development to implementation of successful Timber Plantation anywhere in INDIA.
Melia Dubia/Composita and Kumil are the fast growing species among timber varieties in the universe. Melia Dubia originates from the Meliaceae family and is an indigenous species of tree to India, South East Asia and Australia, where it has been cultivated as a source of firewood. The tree can be cultivated in all types of soil and requiring a low supply of water on a daily basis. If you have a plot of land, which you consider is degraded land you can use it for growing Melia Dubia.
Melia Dubia/Composita – Money Growing Tree
Melia Dubia/Composita has the unique feature of growing to 40 feet within two years from planting and can be mechanically pruned and harvested. As an energy crop, Melia Dubia/Composita has the potential of yielding in excess 40 tons of biomass on average per acre per annum over a 10 year period (before replanting is required). Its high calorific value makes it a viable source of feedstock for biomass power plants.
The minimum cultivation period is six years onwards. The age of the tree is eight years. In addition, the trees also aid the planet by preventing temperature rise and checking gas emission into the atmosphere as the trees are naturally endowed to absorb maximum CO2.
Melia is a money growing tree of short duration. Even if planted as a single row along the field bunds, about 100 trees can be planted per acre, which will fetch an income of about Rs 6 lakhs in the sixth year of planting. Under good maintenance and controlled irrigation from sixth year onwards, depending on the soil depth and quality trees of 80 to 100 cm gbh with a clear bole of 5 meters height can fetch Rs 6,000 at today’s price (7 per cent escalation can be added per year for the sale price). Inter cultivation can be done with annual crops in the first three years and then spices such as pepper can be grown.
Physical and Mechanical Properties of the Wood: The sapwood is grayish-white, usually with a yellowish cast; the ‘ heartwood ’ is light pink to light red when first exposed, ageing to pale russet brown, subject to grey stain. It is lustrous and without characteristic odour or taste. It is very light (sp.gr., approximately 0.34, weight at 12 5 moisture content about 336 kg/m3), straight-grained, coarse and somewhat uneven-textured. Annual growth rings are distinct but not co spicuous and number 12-16 / dm of radius.
Seasoning and Preservation Behavior: The timber seasons well if the logs are converted in a green state, though if left long in the log, it is liable to develop end splitting and decoration. Like many other meliaceous timbers, it contracts very considerably across the grain while drying out. The best method of dealing with the timber is to convert the logs as soon after falling as possible and to open stack the sawn material, preferably undercover to avoid grey stain.
Present day uses: The wood is used for packing cases, cigar boxes, ceiling planks, building purposes, agricultural implements, pencils, math boxes, splints and kattamarans. In Srilanka, it is employed for outriggers of boats. It is suitable for musical instruments, tea boxes and the most importantly in making plywood, as the wood is anti-termite by itself.
The details of quality & technical specifications are as follows:
The logs had very high moisture contents and were green.
All logs were round and good for peeling. Roundness seems to be inherent quality of this tree.
Logs peel easily.
Outturn is excellent – 70% & better in fresh cut logs.
Veneer strong and firm.
Two small logs were peeled for faces. Quality obtained was acceptable.
M.R. Grade Plywood pressed with these veneers and in combination with other veneers gave excellent results.
Since the many short term crops need more labors, transportation and inventory cost, the final gain for the farmers are very less. To make good revenues as per acre, we need to cultivate medium to long term crops keeping the cost to minimal and also good revenue in future. MELIA DUBIA is the best solution to it.
Earn Millions with Melia Dubia/Composita: (Synonym: Melia Composita Wild Family: Miliaceae): Melia Dubia is the fastest growing tree and the wood from this tree is used in Plywood Industry. 1200 trees can be planted in an acre that fetch 60-70 lakhs in 8 years. A large tree, attaining a height of 20 m. with a spreading crown and a cylindrical straight bole of 9 m. length X 1.2-1.5 m. girth found in Sikkim Himalayas, North Bengal. Upper Assam, Khasi Hills, hills of Orissa, N.Circas, Deccan and Western Ghats at altitudes of 1500 – 1800 m. It grows rapidly and is used for reforestation purposes. (Troup, I 186: Burkill, II 1443: Bor, 253) and yields a useful timber.
Site Factors: In its natural habitat the absolute maximum shade temperature varies from 37.5–48.5 C and the absolute minimum from 0–15 C. It does well in moist regions, with a mean annual rainfall exceeding 1000 mm. The mean relative humidity in July varies from 70–90% and in January from 50–80 %.
Topography: It is commonly found in the hills at elevations ranging from 600 – 1800 m.
Cultivation: The rooted saplings are planted onset of the monsoon, during the monsoon OR any time of the year where water is available. The suggested pit size is 2’ x 2’-0.60m Cube. Espacement of 2 m x 2 m is recommended. This will give better girth in shorter duration.
Growth Statistic: The growth is rapid. GAMBLES’s specimens gave 8 – 12 rings/dm of radius (meanannual girth increment 5.3 – 8 cm) for a Tamil Nadu specimen, and 28 rings/dm (mean annual girth increment 2.3 cm) for a specimen from Bengal. North Kanara in Karnataka specimen showed 12-16 rings/dm of radius (TALBOT, 1909) giving a mean annual girth increment of 4 –5.3 cm. Trees grown in the Calcutta Botanical gardens from specimen from Malbar origin are said to have reached in 7 years an average height of 14m and a girth of 112 cm at breast height. This rate of growth is equiv lent to 4 rings/ dm of radius. Even in comparatively dry regions with a rainfall of 750 – 1000 mm, a height of 3 – 4.5 m is obtained in plantations, against 6-7.5 m in more favorable locations.
• Melia Dubia/Composita originates from the Meliaceae family and is an indigenous species of tree to India, South East Asia and
Australia, where it has been cultivated as a source of firewood.
• Melia Dubia/Composita is also called as a Maha neem or Forest neem, which is fastest growing tree species; within 7-8 years the
plantation is ready to harvest.
• The wood is having good demand from ply wood industries.
• Melia Dubia/Composita is the fastest growing tree and the wood from this tree is used in Plywood Industry.
• It is commonly found in the hills at elevations ranging from 600 – 1800m.
• It is occasionally planted for ornament and makes a handsome avenue tree and a shade tree in plantations.
• It grows rapidly and is used for afforestation purposes..
• The wood is used for packing cases, cigar boxes, ceiling planks, building purposes, agricultural implements, pencils, match boxes, splints and Kattamarans.
• In Ceylon, it is employed for outriggers of boats.
• The fruit of the plant is bitter. It is considered anthelmintic.
• It gives positive tests with alkaloid reagents.
• It is known to yield useful timber.
• Melia Dubia/Composita grows on a variety of soils; however, it grows well in deep, fertile and sandy loam soils.
• Melia Dubia/Composita can be propagated by seed, cuttings and by tissue culture.
• In the indigenous system of medicine, the leaves of Melia azedarach Linn. (Family – Meliaceae) are reported to be useful in
the treatment of urinary stones.